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OLD TESTAMENT - LESSON 13
Exodus 1-15


Scriptural Highlights

A study of this lesson should encourage us to trust the Lord to fulfill his promises, increase appreciation for the Savior's atoning sacrifice, and make the sacrament more meaningful.


The Lord Calls Moses

Jacob to Moses

A New King In Egypt

  1. Exodus 1:8: "Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph."
  2. The Israelites had grown to become a large people. The king of Egypt feared that they may at some point join with Egypt's enemies and fight against Egypt.
  3. Exodus 1:12: "But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew."
  4. The Egyptians were unable to stop the growth of the Hebrew nation through oppression .

The Birth and Preservation of Moses

  1. We all know the story of the birth of Moses, how he was saved, and raised in the house of Pharaoh, as the son of his daughter.
  2. Little is said of the youth of Moses. Stephen, in the New Testament gives us this insight: "And when he was cast out, Pharaoh's daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds" (Acts 7:21-22).
  3. "And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian" (Acts 7:23-24).

Moses In Midian

  1. In Midian, Moses became acquainted with Reuel (Jethro).
  2. Moses married Jethro's daughter Zipporah and had two sons.
  3. We suppose that it was here that Moses began to be taught the true gospel.
  4. As Moses was tending the flocks of Jethro at Mt. Horeb (Sinai) he was visited by the Lord.

The Reluctant Moses

  1. Moses call: "Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt" (Exodus 3:9-10).
  2. HOW DID MOSES REACT WHEN GOD CALLED HIM TO DELIVER ISRAEL FROM BONDAGE?
  3. HOW DO YOU ACT OR FEEL WHEN YOU RECEIVE A CALLING FROM THE LORD?
  4. WHAT PROMISES DID THE LORD MAKE TO MOSES THAT CAN ALSO APPLY TO US IN OUR CALLINGS?


The Lord Sends Plagues Upon Egypt

The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart

  1. Moses was commanded to go before Pharaoh and request the release of the Israelites.
  2. Moses took his wife and his sons and returned to Egypt.
  3. Exodus 5:1-2: "And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness. And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go."
  4. Moses and Aaron return to Pharaoh to plead for the release of Israel.
  5. Due to Pharaoh's unwillingness to release the Israelites, the first of the 10 plagues on Egypt took place. The river was smitten for seven days and turned to blood (Exodus 7:20).
  6. Some lessons from Moses' encounter with Pharaoh:
  7. After the river was turned to blood, 8 more plagues were sent upon Egypt.


The Passover

  1. WHAT WAS THE TENTH PLAGUE UPON EGYPT?
  2. WHAT INSTRUCTIONS WERE THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL GIVEN TO AVOID THE GRIP OF THE ANGEL OF DEATH UPON THE FIRSTBORN?
  3. WHAT FUTURE EVENT DID THE PASSOVER FORESHADOW?
  4. HOW DID THE PASSOVER SYMBOLIZE THE ATONEMENT?

The Sacrament

  1. Joseph Fielding Smith: "The Passover was a law given...to remind the children of Israel of the coming of Christ who would become the sacrificial Lamb. After he was crucified the law was changed by the Savior himself, and from that time forth the law of the sacrament was instituted. We now observe the law of the sacrament instead of the Passover because the Passover was consummated in full by the death of Jesus Christ." (Answers to Gospel Questions, 5:153-154)
  2. Howard W. Hunter: "...the bread and wine, rather than the animals and herbs, [became] emblems of the great Lamb's body and blood, emblems to be eaten and drunk reverently and in remembrance of him forever.
    "In this simple but impressive manner the Savior instituted the ordinance now known as the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. With the suffering of Gethsemane, the sacrifice of Calvary, and the resurrection from a garden tomb, Jesus fulfilled the ancient law and ushered in a new dispensation based on a higher, holier understanding of the law of sacrifice. No more would men be required to offer the firstborn lamb from their flock, because the Firstborn of God had come to offer himself as an 'infinite and eternal sacrifice'.
    " (Ensign, May 1985, p19)
  3. WHAT IS OUR ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE SACRAMENT?
  4. In his instructions about the Passover, the Lord emphasized the need for parents to teach their children its significance.


The Children of Israel Cross The Red Sea

  1. READ EXODUS 12:29-33. The death of the firstborn.
  2. Exodus 12:37 says that 600,000 men departed from Ramses.
  3. READ EXODUS 13:18-21. Israel lead by pillar of cloud & fire.
  4. Pharaoh soon changed his mind about letting Israel depart from Egypt.
  5. As we know Moses led the children of Israel into the Red Sea which parted for them. They were pursued by Pharaoh's army which was drowned.


Summary

Just as the Lord fulfilled his promise to deliver the Israelites from bondage, he will fulfill his promises to us. We should increase our appreciation for the Savior's atoning sacrifice and to partake of the sacrament worthily and thoughtfull, keeping the covenant to "always remember him".


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