Notes & Quotes From Lesson 4
Moses 4; 5:1-15; 6:48-62

Introductory Comments

Lesson Highlights:

The fall was a necessary part of Heavenly Father's plan to bring to pass our immortality and eternal life (Moses 1:39).

The Fall Of Adam & Eve and Its Effects On Them and Us

After being placed in the garden, Adam and Eve were given two important commandments:

  1. "And I, God, blessed them, and said unto them: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it" (Moses 2:28).
  2. "But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it, nevertheless, thou mayest choose for thyself, for it is given unto thee; but, remember that I forbid it, for in the day thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." (Moses 3:17)

As long as Adam and Eve did not partake of the forbidden fruit, they would remain in the garden. But they were left with a dilemma. They could not fulfill the commandment to "multiply and replenish the earth" without breaking the commandment not to partake of the forbidden fruit.

The Account of the Fall:

The Effects of the Fall


  1. Adam and Eve were able to have children, thus opening the door for us to come to the earth and receive mortal bodies.
  2. We experience physical death, or separation of the physical body from the spirit.
  3. We experience spiritual death, or separation from God's presence.
  4. We are partakers of misery and woe.
  5. We are capable of sinning.
  6. The ground is cursed, causing us to work.
  7. We learn to recognize good and evil.
  8. We can have joy in mortality.
  9. We can know the joy of our redemption and obtain eternal life.


Satan attempted to frustrate Heavenly Father's plan by getting Adam and Eve to partake of the fruit. It is important for us to remember that Satan cannot have power over us, as long as we seek to do the will of the Father.

The Atonement Of Jesus Christ Saves Us From Physical & Spiritual Death

The prophets often teach about the Atonement of Jesus Christ when they teach about the fall. They are inseparably linked in the eternal plan.

As it says in v54, "Son of God hath atoned for original guilt, wherein the sins of the parents cannot be answered upon the heads of the children". WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

  1. We do not have to pay the price for the sin of Adam and Eve.
  2. Yes, by them, we will suffer physical death, but Christ will make us whole in the flesh. We will be resurrected as perfect physical beings because of his death and resurrection.
  3. We do not have to pay the price. Christ did that. We qualified for the resurrection when we accepted the plan of Heavenly Father during the Council in Heaven.

V59 tells us that the fall came by "reason of transgression". It is the fall which brings death. This death refers not only to physical death, but also to spiritual death. HOW IS SPIRITUAL DEATH OVERCOME?

  1. Turn to the Lord, hearken to his voice, and believe (v52).
  2. Repent of your transgressions (v52,57).
  3. Born into the kingdom by water - baptism (v52,59).
  4. Born into the kingdom by the Spirit - receive the gift of the Holy Ghost (v52,59).
  5. Be cleansed by the blood of Jesus Christ. As Nephi said, "we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do" (2 Ne. 25:23).

Ezra Taft Benson: "As further noted in this scripture, the fundamental doctrines consist of the doctrine of the Fall, the mission of Christ and His atonement, and the first principles and ordinances of the gospel, which include faith in Christ, repentance, baptism for a remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Ghost as the means to a sanctified life. (Moses 6:57-59)." (Teachings of Ezra Taft Benson, p297)

Ezra Taft Benson: "... the plan of redemption must start with the account of the fall of Adam. In the words of Moroni, 'By Adam came the fall of man. And because of the fall of man came Jesus Christ . . . and because of Jesus Christ came the redemption of man.' (Mormon 9:12.) Just as a man does not really desire food until he is hungry, so he does not desire the salvation of Christ until he knows why he needs Christ. No one adequately and properly knows why he needs Christ until he understands and accepts the doctrine of the Fall and its effect upon all mankind." (Teachings ETB, p28)


Next Week

Lesson #5.

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